Causes and Treatment of Esophageal Varices
Bleeding varices have been considered to be fatal diseases due to the complications that are associated with portal hypertension (an abnormal increase in the blood pressure in the portal vein due to liver disorder). The portal vein transports blood from the intestines to the liver.
Under high pressures, the vein shows a tendency to swell outward. If the vessel bursts, it results in bloody vomiting, blood with stool and tarry, dark stool. The patient may undergo shock in the case of huge blood loss. Minor or major chronic liver diseases have stimulated bleeding varies occurring.
Symptoms are very clear and indicative due to severity of the disease. It may accompany vomiting of blood, black, tarry stool, decrease in urination, increase in thirst, pale face and many other symptoms.
Signs and Tests
Apart from the physical signs, which include signs of cirrhosis, decrease in blood pressure, fast heartbeat and changes in stool color, some tests are also recommended in case of serious signs to diagnose in a better way. Certain tests are performed to detect the source from which the blood is actually coming. One such test is performed by inserting a tube through the nose to the stomach to find signs of bleeding. The tube is called a nasogastric tube.
The vital objective of treatment after diagnosis is to locate and stop the bleeding as soon as possible and offer treatment for the persistent varies by giving medicines and other clinical procedures. Bleeding is the most critical factor and it must be controlled in time to avoid shock or death. The patients with huge blood loss are put on a ventilator to save the airway and stop the blood from entering the lungs.
Endoscopy is also carried out in severe cases to stop the bleeding by injecting varies with a clotting medicine, or the healthcare provider may hold a rubber band around the vein to stop the bleeding.
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