Cervical Cancer Vaccine And Its Side Effects
Cervical cancer is one of the most common types of cancers in women. It affects the opening of uterus or cervix. It occurs due to growth of cancerous cells in the area of cervix. The main cause of cervical cancer is the infection of Human Papilloma Virus or HPV.
Cervical cancer is affecting a large number of women throughout the globe every year. A vaccine is now available for prevention of cervical cancer or infection of HPV. This vaccine is also known as HPV vaccine. HPV is not only the cause of cervical cancer but it also causes cancer in different reproductive organs in women such as vulva, vagina and anus.
It also cause different other vaginal problems such genital warts. HPV, which causes cervical cancer, is transmitted through sexual contacts. Thus there is chance of getting cervical cancer in any age for sexually active women. Thus, this vaccine is recommended before women become sexually active to prevent the spread of cervical cancer.
Doctors also advise regular pap screening after the age of 20, but the best way to prevent cervical cancer is being vaccinated against the disease. Though this vaccine does not treat all types of HPV, it treats two common types of HPV, which cause cervical cancer.
All the girls above age 10-11 should take vaccination, because it is better to make them safe from disease before they get sexually active. It can be even given after the age of 9. Its better to be vaccinated before being sexually active, but sexually active women should also be vaccinated. The vaccine is also effective even in women who are already sexually active.
Vaccination for cervical cancer is given in three doses. The second dose is given two months after the first dose. The third dose is scheduled four months later. The vaccination is given in six-months period. It is injected in either are or thigh. It is advised to have all three doses of vaccine for full protection from cervical cancer.
There are no grave side effects of this vaccine. There are though some mild side effects. Some women can feel soreness at the injection site. Some can have low-grade fever or flu-like symptoms. Other common side effects are dizziness or fainting after the injection. These side effects are more common in young girls. There is nothing to worry about. Every woman must have this vaccine to be prevented from cervical cancer.
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