High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the most popular medical conditions across the world. As the name itself suggests this is the pressure of the blood on to artery. When the heart pushes the blood through out the body, it creates some pressure on the arteries. This is nothing but blood pressure.
The blood pressure is measured by two labels; the systolic refers to pressure in the artery when the heart contracts and pushes the blood and the diastolic to the pressure when it relaxes and pulls the blood. The unit is millimeter of mercury i.e. mm Hg. Normal human blood pressure in adults is 120-140/80-90 mm of Hg where 120 to 40 refers to systolic and 80 to 90 to diastolic. Overall increase in this figure is stated as hypertension. This can severely damage vital organs like heart, kidney and liver.
Ayurveda refers this to raktagata vata (The Vata Dosha seated into blood). According to Ayurveda belief, people with hypertension are always at a state of risk until their death.