[toc]Millions of children and adults around the world suffer from asthma. The disease is more common in countries with cold climatic conditions. It usually affects children. However, it can also affect older adults whose immune systems are relatively weak. The signs and symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath, wheezing, chest tightness, and coughing.
All these symptoms are present in almost every asthma patient. Chest pressure associated with asthma can be severe in nature during an asthma episode. Let us try to understand more about the signs and symptoms of asthma.
Common Signs And Symptoms Of Asthma
It is a very common symptom of asthma. Patients suffering from asthma can experience significant chest tightness. It is often a consequence of narrow breathing airway. Inability to breathe effectively leads to chest discomfort. Anxiety and confusion may be associated with chest tightness during an asthma episode. This kind of chest discomfort is a direct consequence of difficulty breathing air in and out of the lungs. Chest tightness with asthma is often described as a feeling of intense pressure inside the chest.
A wheezing sensation is often heard during an asthma attack. It is very clear and apparent. This is one of the primary symptoms of asthma. It is mainly a consequence of narrow airway causing obstruction to the flow of air. It can also be associated with sputum production. Narrowing of the airway, in an asthma patient, can be a result of inflammation and muscle spasm. The severity of wheezing is relatively less when a patient is not experiencing an asthma attack.
Shortness Of Breath
All patients suffering from asthma experience shortness of breath. It is one of the primary symptoms associated with asthma. It is medically called as “dyspnea.” It is a direct result of airway narrowing. Insufficient oxygen to the lungs creates a sensation of feeling out of breath. The description of shortness of breath differs from one patient to another. However, it feels like a vacuum in your chest and throat region needing to be filled with air and oxygen. It is severe during an asthma episode.
A good majority of asthma patients suffer from cough. This is more common in countries with cooler climatic conditions. Cough associated with asthma can be productive of sputum. This can worsen asthma symptoms significantly. It is often intermittent in nature.However, it worsens with severity of asthma. Asthma and cough have a synergistic relationship in worsening asthma symptoms. Cough can also irritate the inflamed airways resulting in redness and throat discomfort. It is relatively more severe during night time and in the early morning hours when the temperature is relatively cooler.
Post asthma attack, a patient feels weak and tired. This is a result of severe airway narrowing. Weakness can last anywhere from half an hour to an hour. Asthma patients can feel generally weak with exertion. This is because increased physical activity increases breathing and can lead to an asthma episode. Weakness is also a result of inability to breathe effectively and lack of proper oxygen supply in the bloodstream. Also, weakness is more common with children and older adults suffering from asthma.
Asthma affects millions of people in different countries. It is one of the leading respiratory illnesses in the world. The above-mentioned signs and symptoms can present in a cluster in an asthma patient.