[toc]Sore throats may be caused due to environmental factors like pollution, dry air, dust as well as illness like flu, measles, malaria, common cold or any other fungal, bacterial or viral infection. It normally strikes during the colder months of the year.
It may disrupt the day to day activities of a person as the patient may have difficulty in speaking and swallowing food, apart from fatigue and weakness. Whatever be the cause, the only thing that comes to the mind during soreness is how to get fast relief from it. Although there are a lot of medications available over-the-counter, there are some excellent home remedies that can help in getting fast relief from a sore throat.
6 Ways To Treat A Sore Throat
It is not enough to take medicines or go for home remedies. Proper rest is equally important without which it is very difficult to recover in time. Taking proper rest provides the body with the strength and leaves more energy to deal with the underlying illness that causes a sore throat. Moreover, if the soreness is not very severe, adequate rest is usually sufficient to recover fully, without any medication.
Clearing The Nasal Passage
A sore-throat is primarily caused due to a postnasal drip and a dry throat. This happens when we sleep with our mouth open and our nasal passages gets blocked. Therefore it is important to avoid this dryness by sipping warm water and making the habit of keeping the mouth closed while sleeping. Installing a humidifier in the bedroom at night is also helpful in dealing with this problem.
Gargling is perhaps the best and the simplest way to ward off a sore throat. It also helps in reducing the swelling and at the same time, soothing the inflammation in the throat and cutting the phlegm. Gargling with warm salt water is very effective in healing a sore throat.
Add half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water and use this solution for gargling, every three or four hours, depending on the soreness. Apart from saline water, the other good options for gargling are raspberry tea and sage leaves. Boil either of the two with water and gargle with the solution.
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Peppermint is very refreshing and is full of anti-inflammatory, antibacterial as well as analgesic properties. Not only does it soothes a sore throat, it also stops bad breath. According to a research conducted by the American Cancer Society, peppermint oil helps in relieving a sore throat. Another study conducted by the University of Maryland Medical Center confirms that the content of menthol in it has a thinning effect on the mucus in the throat.
Honey has been used since ages throughout the globe to heal a sore throat. It consists of antibacterial and antifungal properties. Swallowing a teaspoon of honey before going to bed is very effective, especially in cases of postnasal drip. Another way of consuming honey is to mix it in tea or warm water.
Garlic is another herb that contains antimicrobial and antibacterial properties. When a raw garlic clove is crushed, chewed or cut, it releases a compound called allicin. Allicin helps the body in fighting the infections or illness that causes a sore throat. Allicin is destroyed when it is cooked or heated. This is the reason why, for effective results, garlic should be eaten raw and fresh.