[toc]Lymphocele refers to an abnormal collection of the lymphatic fluid at some parts of the body. The lymphatic fluid gets collected in the form of an abnormal sac with no epithelial membrane like cysts. The size and site of formation of the lymphocele may vary. In other words, lymph is the fluid that is formed when interstitial fluid gets into the initial lymphatic system.
When there is the development of an abnormal sac or cyst which contains lymphatic fluid it is known as a lymphocele. Generally, a lymphocele is considered to be the result of an excessive damage to the lymphatic system. This damage can be done in a wide variety of ways. Thus, lymphocele can be caused due to many reasons. In this article, we have summed up some of the most common causes of lymphocele. Let us check them out!
5 Reasons For Lymphocele
A kidney transplant or renal transplant is a major surgery. This surgery requires immense pre and post operation care. After the renal surgery, a lymphocele may develop as a result of leakage of lymph. As said, renal transplant is a major surgery and so it is not advisable to leave a lymphocele at site. Leaving the lymphocele at site will increase the possibility of organ rejection. Moreover, it can also hamper the functioning of the new kidney that has been transplanted.
Breast surgery is often done as a part of the treatment procedure of breast cancer. However, breast surgery can result in the formation of a big lymphocele that can be caused by serious leaking of fluid at the site after the surgery. Nowadays, it has also been proved that lymphocele can be caused by a new type of partial breast radiation therapy. The surgery of breast cancer requires the axillary lymphadenectomy to be performed.
This causes morbidity and lymphoceles. In order to prevent the occurrence of lymphoceles during breast surgery it is advisable to perform meticulous and tedious lymphostasis and also the reduction of surgical detachment spaces.
Infections at the site of an injury or the collection of blood at a site can also lead to the formation of a lymphocele. A lymphocele can form even when the initial inflammation suffered from a fall or a blow does not subside completely. The lymphatic fluid, thus, releases a lymphocele. The lymphocele may get absorbed gradually with time or may need medical attention.
It is observed many times that a lymphocele forms after a radical hysterectomy. A radical hysterectomy involves the removal of the entire uterus as a result of uterine cancer. In order to prevent the occurrence of lymphoceles due to radical hysterectomy, preventive measures can be taken like placing a drain so as to reduce the risk of such complexities.
There have been many cases where there has been the formation of a lymphocele in the mediastinum followed by an injury in the thoracic duct. The injury can be iatrogenic in nature or as a result of a blunt trauma in the region.